Adopting Multiple Intelligence-Based Activities (MIBAs) to Enhance Male and Female EFL Learners’ Oral Performance

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 PhD Candidate of TEFL, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran

2 Assistant Professor of Applied Linguistics, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran

3 Associate Professor of Applied Linguistics, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of Gardner’s multiple intelligence-based activities (MIBAs) to improve the oral performance of male and female EFL learners. To this end, 60 Iranian intermediate EFL learners were selected out of 120 learners based on their scores on a sample Oxford Quick Placement Test (OQPT) and divided into two equal groups of experimental (n=30) and control (n=30). The IELTS speaking test was administered as a pretest. The experimental group was taught through some appropriate activities based on the definition of eight types of Gardner’s intelligences. At the same time, a method including conventional speaking activities such as repetition drills, memorization, reading texts, and answering some knowledge questions was employed for the control group. The treatment period lasted for 10 weeks. After the treatment, the oral posttest, the same as the pretest, was administered to investigate the impact of the teaching process on the learners' oral performance. The participants’ oral proficiency was evaluated using both the IELTS speaking band scores and a researcher-made evaluation sheet including eight speaking components. The findings revealed that the experimental group outperformed the control group. The use of MIBAs significantly affected EFL learners’ oral performance and improvement regardless of their gender. The findings may offer some implications for the fields of teaching, material preparation, and curriculum designing. Additionally, the findings can make optimal changes for assessment methods. 

Keywords


Article Title [فارسی]

تاثیر فعالیتهای مبتنی بر هوش چندگانه بر پیشرفت مهارتهای گفتاری دانشجویان پسر و دختر زبان انگلیسی

Authors [فارسی]

  • مرجان لطفی خواجویی 1
  • رویا بهارلویی 2
Abstract [فارسی]

هدف از انجام این پژوهش بررسی تاثیر فعالیت های مبتنی بر هوش چندگانه "گاردنر" بر بهبود مهارت های گفتاری فراگیران زبان انگلیسی دختر و پسر می باشد. بدین منظور از میان 120 نفر فراگیری که در آزمون تعیین سطح آکسفورد شرکت کردند60  نفر بر اساس نمراتشان در سطح متوسط قرار گرفتند که از این تعداد 30 نفر دختر و 30 نفر پسر می باشند. آزمون گفتاری بر اساس امتحان آیلتس به عنوان پیش آزمون برای هر دو گروه کنترل و آزمایش برگزار شد. دوره ی آموزش ده هفته و بصورت هفته­ای سه جلسه و هر جلسه 60 دقیقه برگزار گردید. سپس همان آزمون با عنوان  پس آزمون مجددا برگزار شد تا تاثیر فعالیتهای مبتنی برهوش چندگانه بر بهبود مهارتهای گفتاری بررسی شود. پس از بررسی نتایج آزمون ها مشخص شد آزمودنی­های گروه آزمایش نسبت به گروه کنترل عملکرد بهتری داشتند؛ در واقع فعالیتهای مبتنی بر هوش چندگانه تاثیر مثبتی بر بهبود مهارت گفتاری فراگیران داشت. اما این آموزش تاثیر یکسانی بر فراگیران پسر و دختر داشت و تفاوت معنا داری بین دختران و پسران مبنی بر پیشرفت آنها در مهارت گفتاری دیده نشد. نتایج به دست آمده از این پژوهش در زمینه­ی آموزش، آزمون سازی، روانشناسی زبان، تهیه و تدوین مطالب درسی و برنامه­ریزی درسی به کار می رود.

Keywords [فارسی]

  • هوش چندگانه
  • نظریه هوش چندگانه
  • فعالیت های مبتنی بر هوش چندگانه
  • مهارت گفتاری
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